DEEP Open Catalogue: Massive Online Data Streams (MODS)

This is a service to analyze online data streams in order to generate alerts in real-time. Its intelligent module core part is built as machine learning application using deep learning techniques for modeling in co-function with underlying Intrusion Detection Systems supervising network traffic of computing infrastruture. The service is running on TensorFlow backend.

Further references like articles and presentations of this module are available in the git repository.

Data Science application machine learning, deep learning
Deep Learning Framework(s) Tensorflow, Keras
Programming language Python
GPU version yes
CPU version yes
DEEP DS template yes
DEEP-Nextcloud access yes

Keywords: machine learning, deep learning, deep neural networks, recurrent neural networks, cyber security, anomaly detection, time-series forecasting, Tensorflow

DEEP-OC DockerHub image:

DEEP-OC Dockerfile:

Application source code:


The challenge of the proactive network monitoring solution is about the cooperation of scalable edge technologies supporting extensive data analysis, large-scale data processing and deep learning modelling to improve the cyber security resilience for computing infrastrutures. Our proactive network monitoring solution comprises of the intelligent module (with MODS abbreviation) and its data processing (DS) module. The DS source code as well as raw data are not publicly available due to security sensitiveness. Machine learning datapools used for MODS deep learning modeling are available in the Open Source repository.

The MODS module uses deep learning for modeling. It focuses on abnormal state detection in the mean of security protection for computing infrastructure. The principle is based on proactive time-series ferecasting adopting deep neural networks to provide a near future behaviour estimation of multiple simultaneous monitoring channels based on the knowledge base of past activities. An ongoing network activity is expected to present a monitoring anomaly, where anomaly stands for a behaviour that deviates from the standard, normal or expected activity states.


The data processing (DS) module prepares datasets for machine learning purpose through standard machine learning life cycle steps such as data filtering, data cleaning, feature extraction, feature selection for datapool building.

MODS workflow goes through configuration specification for training and hyperparameter setting, then model training and model testing. MODS workflow is fully supported by the DEEP as Service and DEEP learning facility in DEEP stack. The module is also available for comfortable local testing. It supposes the usage of downloaded from DEEP Open Catalog docker images, i.e. you need either docker or udocker tool.


Fig. 1 Train and test on 6 month monitoring dataset. Blue=dataset, green=prediction on train dataset, red=prediction on test (unseen) dataset.


Fig. 2 Train and test on three day dataset for better visualisation for two channels simultaneously. Blue=dataset, green=prediction on train dataset, red=prediction on test (unseen) dataset.

The MODS module is fully and ready to be used leveraging the DEEPaaS API (see below).

Launching the full DEEPaas API

1. Prediction through DEEPaaS API

You can easily and locally try the default configuration by start the container as:

$ docker run -ti -p 5000:5000 deephdc/deep-oc-mods
  • Direct your web browser to the local endpoint http://localhost:5000 to get the OpenAPI (Swagger)
  • Go to POST /models/mods/predict for prediction, click Try it out button
  • Go to Data file, select some .tsv file containing observations like here.
  • Go to Model name, select a model e.g.,
  • Click Execute and get predicted values in JSON format.


All available default models are packed in .zip containing the model, scaler, config and trained metrics. The model has to be trained with train data (e.g., built from datapool) in the same format as data file used for prediction.

  • If you want to build the container directly in your machine, follow the instructions in DEEP-OC Dockerfile.
  • Prediction through DEEPaaS API in DEEP stack is easy and similar as locally. After starting MODS container in DEEP stack, go to the assigned DEEPaaS endpoint instead of the local endpoint and continue above described steps.

2. Train through DEEPaaS API in DEEP stack

After starting MODS container in DEEP stack, you can easily retraining MODS model with the default datapool located in your DEEP-NextCloud space nc:/mods/data/features/ as follows:

  • Direct your web browser to the assigned DEEPaaS endpoint
  • Go to PUT /models/mods/train for retrain, click Try it out button
  • Specified new values for retrain if needed.
  • Click Execute, wait for model retraining in DEEP pilot infrastructure and get new retrained model located in your DEEP-NextCloud space nc:/mods/models/.


New retrained model is packed in .zip containing the model, scaler, config and trained metrics.

3. DEEPaaS API functionality

To access this package’s complete functionality (both for train and prediction) through the DEEPaaS API, follow the instructions here: Run a module on DEEP Pilot Infrastructure